Interior Lighting

A good place to work on BRIGHT IDEAS

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WOW! New Lights!

It can be fun and exciting to decorate your home. Some really nice looking light fixtures and accents. Let's keep one thing in mind though. TODAYS MARKET will have you blind soon. With all the new styles of lighting that has surfaced on todays market, they look really nice, SURE. Now what about How they work? That's right! How servicable are they? They look great with the colors and swirled designs in the light covers but how much light can get through these covers. Is it worth straining your eyes and going blind over. Choose wisely when picking out your light fixtures. Make sure the room is lit up when you are done installing the light.



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Light fixture basics

Interior Lighting can be a scary thing and can also be dangerous if you are not very carefull working with it. A 60 watt bulb can light up your room but what about a 100 watt bulb. Lighting comes in thousands of different styles and desgins. It has colors like white, black, bronze, shiny brass, antique brass and even brushed nickle. They have fixtures using 1 bulb or even 2 or 3. Sometimes up to 12 bulbs in a residential chandelier. Of course you have probably seen more designs than you care to admit. Now what is it about these light fixtures that you don't know? Yes, what you don't know can be very simple and very dangerous at the same time. WHAT BULBS do you have installed in that light fixture. Sure we some times want a room to be brighter and we go to the store to get new bulbs that are brighter. We take out those 60 watt bulbs and screw in these new 75 or even a 100 watt bulb. Now that can make things look a little brighter.  WAIT WAIT WAIT We must come to a screeching halt. Sure these brighter bulbs will fit the light socket but are they safe? MOST interior light fixtures have arating for a MAXIMUM wattage of 60 watts. A brighter bulb like 75 or even a 100 watt can burn up the light socket and cause a fire. Now to stay safe, let's look at the side of the light socket. They have the watt max typed on the side of the socket. It might say 60 watt or even 25 watt on some of them. A few of them might even say 100 watt but LOOK to be SAFE. Stay safe with the correct bulbs.


Light Fixture Basics
Wiring basics
Changing a light fixture


Wiring basics

The basics of wiring is not as bad as most people like to think. Most houses are wired with color coded wires. These are black, white. green or bare copper and some times a red wire.

The Black wires *  are the hot wires. These wires carry all the nerve shaking voltage that can be quite shocking.
The White wires * are the nuetral or common wires. They don't hurt much by themselves but can light you up if you touch both the white and black at the same time. It takes both these wires to make a complete electrical circuit.
The Green Wires *
are the ground wires. These green wires are also sometimes a bare copper wire. These wires make the circuit a little safer for us.
The Red wires *
are also a hot power wire like the black wire. It is used in circuits that support either a 3 way light switch, a ceiling fan with 2 switches (light and fan) or a 220 volt circuit.

Any time you work with these wires, turn off the power to them first. Go to the circuit breaker and flip the breaker that makes that light or outlet work.



 Changing a ceiling light fixture

A light fixture can make you wonder how hard it is to replace. The basics is very simple.

1. Remember, NO POWER, NO PAIN!
2. A basic fixture has either 2 or 3 wires. ALL have the Black and white wires. Some also have the ground wire (green or bare copper). The ground is a safty thiung for the electrical circuit. White and black make the circuit complete.
3. When changing the fixture, simply match the colors. The wires from the ceiling box is the same colors as the light fixture wires. Match the colors and twist on a good wire nut cap. You may also add a little bit of electrical tape to make sure the wire nuts do not come off. Always wrap the tape in the same direction that the wire nut goes on.
4. Ceiling fans can stump you but it is a simple rule. Black on black, white on white and than the red if available in ceiling box, goes on the blue wire. WHY ? The red as noted above is power just like the black wire. The ceiling fans have a blue wire which is the power wire for the ceiling fan light only. If you only have one switch, there should be no red wire in the ceiling. Just wire the fan wires (black and blue) together with the ceiling black power. *** NOTE ***   NEVER connect the red and black wires from the ceiling together. This way both the fan and the light will work on the same switch on the wall.



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